We would like to introduce you to the Japanese people, their language and their culture. Our topics follow a pattern reflecting a level of communication difficulty: from 100 for Beginners to 800 for Advanced. The 900 numbers refer to geographical and cultural information. We hope you enjoy your journey and come to love the people, the language, the country and the culture as much as we do. Enjoy yourself!
More about adjectives: (see also the colours page)
There are three types of adjectives in Japanese:
~ い adjectives
~ な adjectives
~ の adjectives
To tell them apart is easy, because all adjectives that end in い are い adjectives. All adjectives that don't end in い are not. Except for less-then-a-hand-full of them. They look on the outside like い adjectives, but they are not. The reason is the original kanji used for these adjectives. Never mind.
These are the four exceptions:
(These adjectives LOOK like いadjectives, but they are なadjectives)
These 4 adjectives are な adjectives! Have a look at the following chart. The groups are clearly separated.
This is a little commercial break.
Make a tea or something.
Have some happy thoughts.
And back to reality again:
The last question that might interest you: which are な and which are の adjectives. That question is trickier. Nouns and pronouns can be used as adjectives and then they are の adjectives.
But how do you know what is a noun used adjectivally? Feeling - you get a feeling for it. And a dictionary helps. To be realistic, as you learn words you feel straightaway whether it is a な adjective or not. In reality there is not really a problem. As you go along you learn the なadjectives. On another page we will give you a list of the most commonly used なadjectives, if that helps, with the same NCEA305 number.
Oddly enough, the only adjectives that cause hassles are a handful of のcolours and they fall in this group.